dīkṣā


dīkṣā
receiving initiation from a spiritual master. In the Bhakti-sandarbha (Anuccheda 283) Jīva Gosvāmī has defined dīkṣā as follows:
divyaṁ jñānaṁ yato dadyāt
kuryāt pāpasya saṅkṣayam |
tasmād dīkṣeti sā proktā
deśikais tattva-kovikaiḥ ||
“Learned exponents of the Absolute Truth declare that the process by which the spiritual master imparts divya-jñāna to the disciple and eradicates all sins is known as dīkṣā.”
He then explains divya-jñāna, or divine knowledge:
divyaṁ jñānaṁ hy atra śrīmati mantre bhagavat svarūpa-jñānaṁ tena bhagavatā sambandha-viśeṣa-jñānaṁ ca |
Divya-jñāna is transcendental knowledge of the Lord’s form and one’s specific relationship with the Lord contained within a mantra.” This means at the time of intiation, the guru gives the disciple a mantra which, in course of time, reveals the particular form of the Lord who is the object of one’s worship and the bhakta’s specific relationship with the Lord in one of the relationships of dāsya, sakhya, vātsalya, or mādhurya
see dīkṣā-mantra

The Bhaktivedanta encyclopedia. 2015.

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